What is Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy?
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an approach to psychotherapy that combines elements of cognitive therapy and mindfulness meditation. It was originally developed to prevent relapse in people with major depression who had experienced at least three episodes of depression.
The underlying idea of MBCT is that the way we think about and react to our experiences can contribute to depression and other mental health problems. By cultivating mindfulness, individuals can learn to observe their thoughts and emotions without getting caught up in them, which can help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.
The therapy typically involves eight weekly sessions, each lasting around two hours, and includes group discussion, guided meditation, and cognitive exercises. During the therapy, participants learn to become more aware of their thoughts and emotions, develop skills to identify negative thought patterns and learn to challenge them. They also learn to be more compassionate towards themselves and their experiences, which can help reduce self-criticism and improve their overall well-being.
MBCT has been found to be effective in treating depression, anxiety, and other mental health problems. It is now used more broadly to help people cope with stress and promote well-being.
Shervan K Shahhian.