Depressive disorders are a group of mental health conditions characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed. These disorders can significantly affect a person’s daily functioning, including their ability to work, study, and engage in social activities.
The most common forms of depressive disorders are major depressive disorder (MDD), persistent depressive disorder (PDD), and bipolar disorder. MDD is characterized by at least two weeks of persistent sadness or loss of interest in daily activities. PDD involves symptoms that last for two years or longer. Bipolar disorder involves episodes of both depression and mania (extreme euphoria and energy) that alternate over time.
Depressive disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Treatment options for depressive disorders typically include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. It is important for individuals experiencing symptoms of depression to seek professional help, as these disorders can have serious consequences if left untreated.
Shervan K Shahhian