What are Dissociative Disorders?

Dissociative disorders are a group of mental health conditions that involve a disconnection or disturbance in an individual’s consciousness, memory, identity, perception, and/or sense of self. In these disorders, an individual may experience a sense of detachment or disconnection from reality or their own emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.

There are several types of dissociative disorders, including:

Dissociative amnesia: A condition in which an individual is unable to recall important personal information or events, often due to traumatic experiences.

Depersonalization disorder: A condition in which an individual feels detached from their own body or thoughts, as if they are watching themselves from outside their own body.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID): A condition in which an individual experiences multiple distinct identities or personalities, often due to trauma or abuse.

Other specified dissociative disorder and unspecified dissociative disorder: These are less common types of dissociative disorders that do not fit into the other categories.

Dissociative disorders are believed to be caused by traumatic experiences, such as abuse, neglect, or violence. Treatment typically involves psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, and medication to manage symptoms like anxiety and depression.

Shervan K Shahhian

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