Neurocognitive Disorders, formerly known as dementia, refer to a group of conditions that involve cognitive decline and impairment in various areas of mental function, including memory, language, attention, perception, and reasoning. The most common causes of neurocognitive disorders are Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Lewy body dementia.
Symptoms of neurocognitive disorders typically include problems with memory, language, and decision-making, as well as changes in behavior and personality. People with neurocognitive disorders may also experience difficulty with everyday activities such as self-care, managing finances, and driving.
Neurocognitive disorders can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, as well as the lives of their family and caregivers. Treatment options vary depending on the cause of the disorder, but may include medication, cognitive and behavioral therapies, and lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.
Shervan K Shahhian