What is Delirium?

Delirium is a serious disturbance in mental function that results in confused thinking and reduced awareness of one’s surroundings. It is often referred to as an acute confusional state and is typically characterized by rapid onset, fluctuating course, and a disturbance in attention, orientation, memory, language, perception, and/or thinking.

Delirium can be caused by a variety of medical conditions, including infections, drug reactions, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, organ failure, and other underlying illnesses. It can also be triggered by surgery, certain medications, alcohol or drug withdrawal, and other factors that disrupt the normal functioning of the brain.

Symptoms of delirium may include disorientation, confusion, hallucinations, delusions, agitation, and restlessness. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may involve addressing the medical condition, providing supportive care, and sometimes administering medication to manage symptoms.

Prompt recognition and treatment of delirium is important, as it can be a sign of a serious medical condition and can have long-lasting consequences if left untreated.

Shervan K Shahhian

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