What is Trauma systems therapy?
Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) is a comprehensive, evidence-based approach to treating trauma and its effects on individuals and their families. It was developed by Dr. Glenn Saxe and his colleagues as a response to the need for a coordinated system of care to address the complex needs of traumatized individuals.
TST focuses on treating trauma as a systemic issue, recognizing that trauma affects not only the individual who experienced it but also their relationships, support systems, and broader community. The therapy model integrates principles from various therapeutic approaches, including trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy, family systems theory, and psychodynamic therapy.
The key components of Trauma Systems Therapy include:
Trauma-Informed Care: TST emphasizes creating a safe and supportive environment for individuals affected by trauma. It involves understanding the impact of trauma, promoting a sense of safety, empowerment, and trust, and avoiding retraumatization.
Comprehensive Assessment: TST utilizes a thorough assessment process to understand the individual’s trauma history, current functioning, and the impact of trauma on various aspects of their life. This assessment guides the development of an individualized treatment plan.
Multi-Modal Treatment: TST employs a range of treatment modalities tailored to the individual’s specific needs. These may include individual therapy, family therapy, group therapy, medication management (if necessary), and other evidence-based interventions.
Collaboration and Coordination: TST emphasizes collaboration among different service providers involved in an individual’s care, such as mental health professionals, medical professionals, social workers, educators, and community resources. The goal is to create a coordinated system of care that addresses the individual’s needs holistically.
Skill-Building: TST incorporates skill-building components to help individuals develop coping strategies, emotional regulation skills, problem-solving abilities, and social support networks. These skills aim to enhance resilience and reduce the impact of trauma symptoms.
The overall goal of Trauma Systems Therapy is to promote healing and recovery from trauma by addressing its multiple dimensions and considering the individual within their broader social context. It recognizes the importance of a comprehensive and collaborative approach to effectively treat trauma and improve the well-being of those affected.
Shervan K Shahhian