Buddhist psychology, also known as Buddhist psychotherapy or Buddhist mindfulness therapy, is a branch of psychology that incorporates the teachings and practices of Buddhism. It emphasizes the interconnectedness of the mind and body, and the impact of our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors on our overall well-being.
Buddhist psychology is grounded in the Four Noble Truths, which are central to Buddhist philosophy. These truths state that suffering (dukkha) is a universal human experience, that suffering arises from our attachment to impermanent things, that suffering can be overcome by letting go of attachment, and that the path to liberation from suffering is the Eightfold Path.
Buddhist psychology views the mind as a complex system of interrelated mental factors, or “skandhas,” including consciousness, sensation, perception, mental formations, and consciousness. It also recognizes the role of karma, or the consequences of our actions, in shaping our present and future experiences.
Buddhist psychology offers a range of techniques and practices, such as mindfulness meditation, that can be used to cultivate greater awareness of our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and to develop greater insight and compassion. These practices are aimed at helping individuals to overcome negative mental patterns, reduce stress and anxiety, and cultivate greater well-being and happiness.
Shervan K Shahhian